Bonsai Trees: Types Of Beautiful Small Trees And How To Care For Them

Who says small trees cannot express their beauty? Bonsai proves otherwise.

The bonsai tree originates from a long Eastern tradition that originated in China in 200 BC. Despite its origins, Japan introduced the ancient technique of planting trees in pots to the Western way.

The Japanese word “bonsai” comes from the words “tray” and “plant.”

Bonsai Method

Bonsai is the process of cultivating and cutting the trunk of a small tree.

A successful bonsai requires proper pruning and support and a balanced soil and reliance on creativity to reproduce the conditions in which to live normally.

Bonsai Trees, Where To Put Them?

Some bonsai trees need to be outdoors for optimal growth, while others cannot tolerate the cold and need protection. Depending on the species, plants will be more suitable for indoor or outdoor environments.

Only tropical bonsai should be grown indoors. Examples include fig trees, bamboo, and cedar trees.

Bonsai Trees For Everyone

Cultivation of bonsai trees aims to reproduce the effect on the tree’s growth: slanting trunks in search of sunlight, extreme shapes resulting from wind, and hard contours that can withstand the sun.

These natural conditions and their effects have created over 30 different bonsai styles. Some of the most popular are:

  • Yose-ue or Grove: A group of bonsai trees that look like a natural landscape.
  • Kengai or waterfall bonsai: Refers to a tree that grows among the rocks of a steep mountain and falls under its own weight.
  • Fukinagashi: The Fukunagashi bonsai tree lies at an angle under the direct influence of strong winds.
  • Shakan: The Shakan Bonsai also stands at an angle but only has branches on the sides of the slope.
  • Chokkan : These bonsai grow upright.

How To Plant A Bonsai Tree From Cuttings

To start growing a bonsai, you must first choose a tree that can grow from a cut tree, such as poplar, willow, or birch.

Cutting the roots is a great way to make a bonsai tree grow. It can be cut from fresh stems at the beginning of summer or from mature, thick stems in the fall. Let’s take a look at the next steps to success.

  • Remove the leaves of the cut tree. Sprinkle ‘ plant roots ‘ on the floor and cover with clay.
  • Form the clay into small balls and plant it as a healthy substrate. Protect the cut tree from sunlight and wind. Also, water it from time to time to keep it moist.

Cutting the roots is a great way to make a bonsai tree grow. It can be cut from fresh stems at the beginning of summer or from mature, thick stems in the fall. Not all species grow successfully with this treatment. For example, most conifers will not grow in these conditions.

6 Types of popular bonsai trees

There are many varieties of indoor potted trees. The common precious species mainly include Podocarpus, pine, Nantian bamboo, boxwood, black pine, mountain pine, crape myrtle, ginkgo, willow, and banyan. Among them, Podocarpus and pine are highly ornamental. Putting it indoors can also purify the indoor air, and it also means longevity, auspiciousness, and wealth.

  1. Podocarpus

The branches and leaves of Podocarpus pine are evergreens in all seasons, and the plants have strong adaptability. The plant shape can be as high as 20 meters. The bark is gray or gray-brown. It usually blooms in the spring from April to May. The plant has kind of elegant and tall. The imposing spirit has the meanings of longevity, keeping money, and auspiciousness.

  1. Tree, Nature, Bonsai, Leaves, Black TreePine

Pine is also one of the top ten types of bonsai trees. The vitality of the pine tree is very strong, and it can grow more luxuriantly even in harsh environments. Its branches and leaves are evergreen throughout the year and have high ornamental properties. The plant type is majestic and tall. The meaning of longevity, besides its rhizome part, is still a kind of Chinese medicinal material.

  1. Nan Tianzhu

Nantian bamboo is a common woody plant in southern China. It has a beautiful plant type, bright red fruit, and strong adaptability to the environment. It is widely used in gardens. It likes to grow in a warm and humid environment. It is more shade-tolerant and cold-tolerant. It is very strong and is also cultivated in many areas of our country.

  1. Boxwood

Boxwood is also an evergreen plant. Its leaves are mainly oval and bright. Its flowering period is in March of each year, and it enters the fruiting period from May to June. The plant has strong adaptability, both indoors and outdoors. It can grow well. During the growth period, ensure that there is sufficient light so that the plants will grow more luxuriantly.

  1. Black Pine

The black pine has a tall plant type and gray-black bark. It usually blooms in April in spring. It is a light-loving plant. It has strong drought tolerance and is not cold tolerant. It grows faster in warm and humid climates and is black at the same time. Pine is always green all year round and has strong resistance to diseases and insects. It is relatively simple to breed at home.

  1. Banyan tree

The banyan tree is also one of the good materials for indoor potted tree species. Its plant type can be as high as 15-25 meters. It usually blooms in the spring from May to June. It is also the provincial tree of Fujian Province. It is located in Zhejiang, Guizhou, and Yunnan in China. Many are cultivated and generally put indoors and have a good feng shui meaning.

How to make the leaves of bonsai trees smaller

Plant, Bonsai, Tree, Green, NatureTree bonsai is made by selecting young trees or old stumps of ornamental trees through cultivation, artistic processing, and planting and arrangement in delicate pots. The most important thing in its art of production is to master the biological characteristics of various trees and give full play to their natural beauty, charm, and color, such as the lush and vigorous pine and cypress, the quaint and elegant beauty of plum piles, the simple and ancient elm maple, the unrestrained beauty of green bamboo, the branches and leaves of bird plums and boxwood, etc. The cultivation, production, and management of bonsai trees is a meticulous work that is both artistic and scientific.

A good bonsai with a beautiful shape and enduring appreciation is constructed through the aesthetics of artisans and exquisite artistic techniques. It must be carefully maintained and managed to ensure its luxuriant growth and graceful posture. The production and management techniques of tree bonsai generally include the following aspects: tree species selection, tree embryo cultivation, processing and modeling, bonsai decoration and maintenance management, etc. Maintenance management also includes: placement, watering, fertilizing, pruning and trimming, turning pots for soil, pest control, and so on.

Tree bonsai is beautiful with small leaves. For many leaf-viewing bonsai, large leaves are not good-looking. Small leaves can make bonsai trees appear taller and improve the ornamental quality. So how to control the size of bonsai leaves and minimize the size of the leaves? Today I summarize three methods that can make the blade smaller, and I hope they will be helpful to everyone.

  1. When the roots of trees are overgrown with pot soil, the nutrients in pot soil become less and less, and trees gradually shrink their leaves to protect themselves. When the root system is well-developed, and the fertilizer is sufficient, the leaves grow bigger and bigger. Therefore, in order to make the leaves of bonsai trees smaller, it is necessary to adopt appropriate small pots and fewer soil planting methods, properly control water and fertilizer, and dig the growth of the trees. The leaves of the trees will gradually become smaller.

  1. The leaves on the branches of plants, the more germinated in 3 years, the smaller the leaves germinated later. According to this physiological phenomenon, when the leaves of bonsai trees are small, the branches and leaves can be pruned many times to make the leaves gradually smaller. Foliage bonsai trees often pick leaves, which can promote new leaves, make the new leaves brightly colored, and the colorless new leaves are bright green and verdant to enhance the viewing effect.

  1. By grafting small-leaf tree species, the leaves of bonsai trees can also be made smaller.

“Five Principles” to Follow in the Process of Pruning Bonsai Trees

Many pot friends like bonsai trees, especially old pile bonsai, which has not only high ornamental value but also has full artistic charm and full of growth vitality, which is very eye-catching. Putting it in the home can not only decorate the home environment but also improve the taste of the room. But bonsai modelling is mostly based on pruning, supplemented by pruning, especially the role of pruning in the modelling process is irreplaceable.

The principle of going far and staying near

If the lower branch of the bonsai is far away from the trunk, it is generally considered as the first part to be cut when pruning. Cutting off the distal branches can make our bonsai plant more compact, and the bonsai appears deeper, so it is also very important to improve the overall ornamental of the bonsai.

Bonsai, Plant, Pot, Tree, LeavesThe principle of going high and staying low

Sometimes we may not prune the side branches in time. As a result, the length of the side branches is too high over time, even higher than the crown and top of the tree. Therefore, if these branches cannot be used, it is recommended to remove them. It is advisable to remove the branches that grow too high and keep relatively short branches. The branches of bonsai have different heights, and the whole is more coordinated.

The principle of leaving in the middle

With the continuous growth of bonsai trees, some relatively straight and poorly positioned branches may grow out of the tree over time. And we should cut off the relatively straight and growing branches in the tree in time. This not only improves the ventilation and light transmission of the bonsai tree but also allows the thickness to transition naturally, and the bonsai also has more depth.

The principle of going to the big and leaving the small

The principle of “going to the big and leaving the small” is to remove the big branches and keep the twigs, but you can’t make a choice blindly, but look at it according to the specific situation. The main thing is to leave the small branches close to the main trunk and remove the large branches. This operation often makes it easier to grow transitional branches and small branches, making the bonsai tree look more natural, coordinated and beautiful.

The principle of going straight to the song

During the growth of bonsai trees, some branches are easily distorted by wind, rain, sun and rain. When pruning, we need to keep the naturally twisted branches and cut off the relatively straight and dull branches. This can reflect the curvaceous beauty of the bonsai and improve its ornamental quality.

How can make bonsai trees be thicker?

For bonsai creators, in order to pursue the highest ornamental value and artistic effect, they often do everything possible to make bonsai trees grow better and have more beautiful shapes. Among them, it is more common to thicken the branches of bonsai trees. Obviously, for many bonsai trees, the thicker branches become more ornamental. So, how can bonsai trees become thicker?

Accelerate growth

Under normal circumstances, the growth rate of bonsai trees is accelerated to shorten the time for the branches of the trees to thicken. The growth process of bonsai trees is actually a process of accumulation of nutrients. Accelerating the growth of bonsai trees is usually achieved by supplementing nutrients and increasing nutrients.

Topping

Bonsai, Juniper, Moon Shell, NatureTopping is mainly to remove the growing points on the top of the tree in time. Through topping and topping, not only can the growth height of the trees be controlled and the purpose of dwarfing can be achieved, but also the path of nutrient transmission can be changed so that a large number of nutrients will accumulate at the bottom of the top branches, so as to achieve the purpose of thickening the branches of the trees.

Hormone regulation

In addition to increasing nutrients to thicken the branches of bonsai trees, we can also stimulate plant growth by applying plant growth hormones. Commonly used plant hormones include chlormequat, paclobutrazol, trunk thickening liquid, etc. After reasonable application, it can not only inhibit the growth of trees but also achieve the purpose of thickening branches.

Local trauma

Local trauma to the tree is an important means to promote the thickening of bonsai trees, mainly through artificial trauma to promote the differentiation of the cambium of the tree and then make the branches thicker. After the tree is injured, the cambium will accelerate the differentiation to allow the wound to heal quickly. The process of thickening branches is actually the process of differentiation of the cambium to form phloem and lignification. Therefore, we often see that after a tree is injured, a relatively large tree tumour will form on the wound site for a long time, which is similar to the scar formed after a human body injury.

Multiple strains of binding

Sometimes, we plant multiple trees in a flowerpot, and in order to achieve the effect of thickening, we can tightly tie multiple trees together and let them grow close to each other. After a period of time, we peeled off the bark of the parts of the trees that were close to each other and then continued to tie them together. Over time, multiple trees will grow tightly together, like a thicker tree. The principle of thickening trees is similar to grafting.

5 Care Measures For Bonsai Trees To Ensure Growth And Development & Also Maintain ornamental value

Bonsai trees need to be cared for, and Taiwanese friends need to take watering, fertilizing, pruning, repotting, and pest control and other maintenance and management measures to ensure the growth and development of bonsai trees and maintain their deserved ornamental value.

Regardless of whether the tree bonsai in your Taiwan friend’s home was purchased or created by hands-on modelling, they are all precious things that are not easy to obtain and must be carefully maintained.

Watering

Watering is a major management task of bonsai trees.

Trees growing in pots and pots are easy to dry due to the limited soil in the pots. If they are not replenished in time, they will die due to a lack of water.

Bonsai trees need to be watered continuously, but too much water should not be too much. Excessive water will cause excessive growth. For example, if the potting soil is too wet for a long time, the roots of the tree will not breathe well, which will easily lead to rotten roots and lead to death.

Therefore, the bonsai must be watered in an appropriate amount, and the principle of “don’t dry it or water it, water it thoroughly”.

The amount of watering should also be determined according to the habit of the tree species. Tree species that prefer dry and wet should be treated differently.

 In addition, different growing seasons have different water requirements.

Generally, water should be watered once in the morning and evening during the high-temperature period in summer. Water can be watered once a day or every other day in spring and autumn. If trees are in a dormant period in winter, watering can be done every few days. Watering is not required during the rainy season or rainy days.

The water holding capacity of pot soil is related to the soil quality. Sandy loam has good water permeability and can be watered frequently; if clay soil has poor water permeability, watering should not be too much.

The dryness and wetness of the potting soil can be judged according to the growth of the leaves (the leaves are wilting and lack of water), the sound of tapping the pot, the colour of the pot soil surface, and whether it is cracked or not.

Fertilize

Wood, Tree, Plant, Ceramics, BonsaiThe nutrient of the potting soil is limited. In order to supply the necessary nutrients for the growth of bonsai trees, attention should be paid to supplementing with appropriate fertilizers.

Generally, bonsai trees grow slowly and do not need to fertilize too much.

Fertilization should be timely and appropriate, and the types of fertilizers and nutrient content should be mastered.

The nutrients required for plant growth are mainly nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K). Nitrogen fertilizer can promote the growth of branches and leaves, phosphate fertilizer can promote the growth of flowers and fruits, and potassium fertilizer can promote the growth of stems and roots, so choose a fertilizer. It should be determined according to the characteristics and growth of the tree species.

More nitrogen fertilizer should be applied to foliage tree species, more phosphate fertilizer should be applied to flower and fruit tree species, and acid soil-loving tree species such as camellia, rhododendron, lupine, gardenia, etc. should be properly applied with alum fertilizer.

Prune

Bonsai trees are still growing. If they are allowed to grow naturally without restraint, they will inevitably affect the shape of the tree and lose its artistic value.

Therefore, timely pruning, long branches and short cuts, dense branches and sparse cuts, pine tree species when the buds just germinate, picking the buds to control the growth of new branches, in order to maintain a graceful tree posture and appropriate proportions.

In order to suppress the high growth of tree bonsai and promote the development of lateral branches, the tender heads of the branches can be removed.

Pick buds

When a tree bonsai grows many adventitious buds on its dry base or on the stem, the buds should be picked at any time so as not to sprout forked branches and affect the appearance of the tree.

Especially tree species such as elm, bird plum, winter season, and June snow are prone to produce adventitious buds, and more attention should be paid to bud picking.

Plucking leaves

The viewing period of foliage tree bonsai is often the new leaf germination period.

For bonsai trees such as elm and ginkgo, you can also enjoy the fresh and tender leaves by picking leaves.

After bonsai trees have grown in pots for many years, their fibrous roots will be densely distributed on the bottom of the pot, which is difficult to penetrate and drain when watering, and fertilizers are not easy to absorb, which will affect the normal growth of the trees. At this time, they should be reported and replaced with soil.

For repotting, you can use the original pot or replace it with a larger pot, depending on the size of the tree.

When repotting, it can be combined with root repair and soil replacement. If the root system is too dense and long, it should be pruned. Soil replacement can improve the aeration and water permeability of the soil and increase soil nutrients, which is beneficial to the healthy growth of bonsai trees and enhances their ornamental effect.

Summary of how to grow jade bonsai

How to get jade bonsai
Jade bonsai is a popular tree because you can enjoy gin and sushi rice and it is relatively easy to grow.

One of the reasons for its popularity is that it has a wide range of products, from mini bonsai to large bonsai. The price of the product is wide and the famous bonsai (some bonsai literally has a name) is worth more than tens of millions, and some people and groups are collecting it as a work of art.

It’s a dream story for a bonsai artist.

Jade, which I raised, may be passed on to my children and grandchildren and gradually increase in value.

On this site, we will tell you how to get and grow expensive bonsai at a reasonable price without introducing it.

Not only Amazon and Rakuten, which are famous for selling goods, but most of the sites that sell bonsai are available.

You can also get it from flea markets such as Mercari and Rakuma.

If there is a bonsai garden, bonsai market, or a gathering of enthusiasts nearby, you can buy it on the spot.

———-
How to increase the size of jade bonsai
Jade introduced in the previous summary introduced how to grow from seedlings.

However, the mainstream method for many jade bonsai styles is to increase it with cuttings. (Layering is possible, but it takes time.)

I think there is a way to grow it from seeds, but I have never seen seeds unless it is planted in the ground and it is difficult for flowers to grow. (The ground-planted Jade flowers bloom around May, but I have never seen any seeds.)

Time of cuttings
The cutting season is around April, when the temperature rises and becomes stable.

The base cuttings are often taken from Jade, which has been raised for more than 6 years. I think that the cuttings taken from young trees have a low survival rate.

———-

Time to artificially perform gin and rice
In terms of time, I think the dormant period from February to early March is good.

Not only does it put a load on the tree during the summer growing season, but it also removes the epidermis, which reduces protection against pests and can cause it to die at worst.

I hear that some people use not only cutlery but also chemicals to skeletonize, but I have never been there and I cannot recommend it.

As a caveat, artificially made gin and sushi rice (especially when using power tools) often feel artificial in appearance. It’s a burdensome work on the tree, so I don’t think it’s necessary to stick to making gin and sushi rice just because it’s jade.

After a long period of bending with a wire, it may naturally become a part of the building. It may be said that the wire hook is also artificial, but I personally like the natural gin and sushi rice.

————

Jade bud picking
It is necessary to pick buds diligently so as not to disturb the tree shape of Jade.

Taking advantage of its characteristics, the protruding buds are picked by hand so that the shape of the leaves is rounded.

Click here for picking buds of Jade ⇨

Pruning of Jade
Pruning work is required because the shape of the branches and stems does not change just by picking buds.

Jade pruning time
Pruning of jade bonsai is best during the dormant period from February to early March.

In particular, heavy pruning that changes the shape of the tree puts a heavy burden on the tree, so do it during the dormant period.

——————

Replanting, watering
Water a lot, especially in the summer, so that the water does not run out. Make sure that the water flows out from the bottom of the pot.

The number of times is once every two days from December to February, once every day from March to April, twice a day from May to September (morning and evening), once a day from October to November, but the temperature, If the soil surface is dry due to the weather, water it.

The guideline for replanting is once every two years.

If water does not flow from the bottom of the pot when watering, it is evidence that the roots are clogged. Replant regardless of the frequency above to prevent root rot.

Soil
I think that the soil used for replanting should be a mixture of Akadama soil and sand, and drainage is also good.

Since the climate varies from region to region, it is necessary to adjust the mixing ratio, but if you are in a region with low rainfall or if you do not have much time for watering, increase the proportion of well-watered Akadama soil by more than half.

—————-

Disinfection, fertilizer
Since the tree is not so damaged by diseases and pests, there is no special treatment and it is done regularly according to the disinfection of other bonsai.

Regarding fertilizer, fertilizer is installed during the growing season of young trees (summer), but there is no particular problem even if fertilizer is not applied. However, if you want to accelerate your growth, use it.